In cooperation with Medical Mission Institute Würzburg and Helios Kliniken Schwerin, the MMM Group has supported a pilot study on the spread of malaria.
According to World Health Organization, infectious disease is the world's eighth place of all causes of death - behind respiratory infections, diarrheal diseases and measles, but still before fatal traffic accidents as well as AIDS-related immunodeficiency disease. In sub-Saharan Africa, malaria is the third most likely cause. Every year, 1.5 to 2.7 million people die from malaria - the number of new cases per year is 258 million. About 86% of the patients live in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition to pregnant women, children under five are particularly affected - these two groups form half of the malaria sufferers.
Especially dangerous is malaria in combination with the HI virus. In countries where the two epidemics can be found, dangerous interactions can develop. HIV infected people are more susceptible to malaria and vice versa because the immune system is weakened.
Unfortunately, there are not many practice studies on the spread of the malaria virus in Nigeria.
However, these are urgently needed to curb the spread of the virus. Because of this emergency, the three MMM Group Consultants Hanna Fleischmann, Martina Gückel and Dr. Chris Houben have been planning to carry out such a study.
In collaboration with the Ministry of Health, a village was selected in which the study was to be carried out. Special malaria tests were carried out both during the dry and rainy periods in order to identify and compare dependencies. In addition to testing how many people carry the malaria virus, the effect of a malaria rapid test was also tested. The quality of the rapid test was convincing. Since end of the studies it is therefore used as a standard test in the Adawama German Medical Center in Yola, Nigeria. In order to carry out this study, the MMM Group has provided the staff (laboratory: Hanna Fleischmann, Martine Gückel, physician: Dr. Chris Houben), a vehicle and sponsored around 2,000 Euros for the necessary material.
The study has now been completed. Almost 600 people were tested.
An article about this pilot project has been published in the "Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine" 10/2013 entitled "Malaria prevalence in north-eastern Nigeria: a cross-sectional study".